Types of knives - Wikipedia
Knives as weapons
As a weapon, the knife is universally adopted as an essential tool. For example:
- Bayonet: A knife-shaped close-quarters fighting weapon designed to attach to the muzzle of a rifle or similar weapon
- Combat knife: Any knife intended to be used mainly for fighting
- Throwing knife: A knife designed and weighted for throwing
- Trench knife: Purpose-made or improvised knives, intended for close-quarter fighting, particularly in trench warfare characterised by a d-shaped integral hand guard.
- Shiv: A crudely made homemade knife out of everyday materials, especially prevalent in prisons among inmates. An alternate name in some prisons is Shank.
- Srbosjek: A tool for efficient execution of prisoners, designed during World War II
Knives as utensils
A primary aspect of the knife as a tool includes dining, used either in food preparation or as cutlery. Examples of this include:
- Bread knife: A knife with a serrated blade for cutting bread
- Boning knife: A knife used for removing the bones of poultry, meat, and fish
- Carving knife: A knife for carving large cooked meats such as poultry, roasts, hams
- Chef's knife: Also known as a French knife, a cutting tool used in preparing food
- Electric knife: An electrical device consisting of two serrated blades that are clipped together, providing a sawing action when powered on
- Kitchen knife: Any knife, including the chef's knife, that is intended to be used in food preparation
- Oyster knife: Has a short, thick blade for prying open oyster shells
- Paring or Coring Knife: A knife with a small but sharp blade used for cutting out the cores from fruit.
- Table knife or Case knife: A piece of cutlery, either a butter knife, steak knife, or both, that is part of a table setting, accompanying the fork and spoon
- Ulu: An Inuit woman's all-purpose knife
Knives as tools
As a utility tool the knife can take many forms, including:
- Bowie knife: Commonly, any large sheath knife, or a specific style of large knife popularized by Jim Bowie.
- Butterfly knife: A folding knife also known as a balisong, with two handles counter-rotating around the tang such that, when closed, the blade is hidden within the handles.
- Diver's knife: A knife adapted for use in diving and water sports and a necessary part of standard diving dress.
- Electrician's knife: A short-bladed knife used to cut electrical insulation.
- Hunting knife: A knife used to dress large game.
- Linoleum knife: is a small knife that has a short, stiff blade with a curved point and a handle and is used to cut linoleum or other sheet materials.
- Machete: A large heavy knife used to cut through thick vegetation such as sugar cane or jungle undergrowth; it may be used as an offensive weapon.
- Multitool: Customarily with a knife as its most elemental feature, these tools may include a variety of other tools. Made famous by theSwiss Army Knife.
- Pocket knife: Also known as a multi-tool or jackknife, a knife which may contain several folding blades, as well as other tools.
- Palette knife: A knife, or frosting spatula, lacking a cutting edge, used by artists for tasks such as mixing and applying paint and in cooking for spreading icing.
- Scalpel: A medical knife, used to perform surgery.
- Straight razor: A reusable knife blade used for shaving hair.
- Survival knife: A sturdy knife, sometimes with a hollow handle filled with survival equipment.
- Switchblade: A knife with a folding blade that springs out of the grip when a button or lever on the grip is pressed.
- Utility knife: A short knife with a replaceable triangular blade, used for cutting sheet materials including card stock, paperboard, and corrugated fiberboard
- Wood carving knife: Knives used for wood carving, often with short, thin replaceable blades for better control.
- X-Acto knife: A scalpel-like knife with a long handle and a replaceable pointed blade, used for precise, clean cutting in arts and crafts
- Paper knife: Or a "Letter Opener" it is a knife made of metal or plastic, used for opening mail.